World Bank leading the charge on development finance | The Daily Star
12:00 AM, February 06, 2019 / LAST MODIFIED: 12:00 AM, February 06, 2019

World Bank leading the charge on development finance

The World Bank, whose new president is due to be appointed by mid-April, is a global financial organization whose mission is to end extreme poverty by supporting development projects.

Like its sister institution, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), it was created in 1944 at the Bretton Woods Conference held in the aftermath of the war.

Since then, it has financed more than 12,000 development projects through loans and grants, and also provides technical assistance, with a heavy focus on infrastructure, like roads, dams and electrical grids.

The lender has 189 member countries, with more than 10,000 employees and 130 branches around the world.

It has grown from a single institution into a group of five entities, the largest of which are the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, which lends to middle- and low-income countries, and the International Development Association, which provides concessional loans and grants to the world's poorest countries.

For fiscal year 2018, IBRD had total outstanding loans of $183.58 billion.

The biggest borrowers last year were India ($3.45 billion), Egypt ($2.18 billion), Indonesia ($1.8 billion), China ($1.78 billion) and Turkey ($1.4 billion).

The largest IDA customers were Ethiopia ($3.12 billion), Bangladesh ($2.99 billion) and Nigeria ($2.59 billion), followed by Pakistan ($1.95 billion) and Kenya ($1.28 billion). The World Bank Group also includes three units that work in private sector finance:

- The International Finance Corporation (IFC), offers financing for private firms in developing countries.

- The Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), as its name implies offers investors guarantees against losses associated with non-commercial risks in developing countries. - The International Center for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), which provides international tribunal mechanisms to arbitrate investment disputes.

The World Bank says it is "not a bank in the ordinary sense but a unique partnership to reduce poverty and support development."

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