A group of researchers of Chattogram have successfully decoded the full genome sequence of Black Bengal goat (Capra Hircus), considered one of the top goat breeds native to this region and known for its meat, milk and leather, opening up a new horizon in genetic research of Bangladesh.
Researchers have spotted three shortcomings in the Black Bengal goat’s genetic coding, and are now trying to develop a new advanced breed, overcoming those.
The outcome of the research was published in the Springer Nature’s renowned science journal “BMC Research Notes” as well as in Taylor and Francis Group’s “Mitochondrial DNA Part B”.
National Centre for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), a US-based journal, also recognised the outcome.
Researchers from Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (CVASU), Chittagong University, Asian University for Women (AUW), University of Science and Technology Chattgram (USTC) and Premier University Chattogram, along with technical support from Southern Cross University of Australia have decoded the genome.
CVASU’s Veterinary Department Prof AMAM Zonaed Siddiki led the research.
Earlier, Prof Bajlur Rahman Molla of Bangladesh Agriculture University successfully conducted a research on Black Bengal goat.
According to the study, the total length of Black Bengal goat genome assembly is about 3.4 gigabase pair (Gb). The researchers decoded 26,000 genes from 29 pairs of chromosomes, which have been saved in the NCBI database.
According to data from Department of Livestock Services, Bangladesh ranks fourth in producing goats in the world, while it ranks fifth in producing goat meat.
“The country has 25 million goats, 95 percent of which are Black Bengal,” it said.
Researchers said 10 percent of the Black Bengal goat kids die of cold or fever, due to a virus named PPR infection. In the course of the research, they have unveiled the details of why and how the kids of Black Bengal get infected.
“This is a great accomplishment for the country’s goat research,” Prof Zonaed told The Daily Star over telephone yesterday afternoon.
“It will help to improve the quality of meat, the power of prevention of diseases and its production,” he said, adding, “If we can develop an advance breed of goat, eliminating their weaknesses, local goat production will increase greatly which will also help to eradicate country’s poverty.”
He informed that agriculture ministry has already shown interest to finance new research in the field.
Earlier, Bangladeshi scientists had successfully decoded genome sequence of jute, buffalo and Hilsa fish.