Risk of ‘civil war’ escalating
Myanmar is facing the alarming prospect of an escalating civil war as an uprising against the military junta widens, the UN's human rights chief warned yesterday.
Michelle Bachelet told the United Nations Human Rights Council that time was running out for other countries to step up efforts to restore democracy and prevent a broader conflict.
Myanmar has been in turmoil since Aung San Suu Kyi's government was ousted by the military in February, sparking a nationwide uprising that the junta has tried to crush.
Attacks on troops have increased since lawmakers ousted by the generals called for a "people's defensive war" earlier this month.
Bachelet said the human rights situation had deteriorated significantly as the effects of the coup "devastate lives and hopes across the country".
"Conflict, poverty and the effects of the pandemic are sharply increasing, and the country faces a vortex of repression, violence and economic collapse," she said.
Faced with the "overwhelming repression of fundamental rights", the armed resistance movement was growing.
"These disturbing trends suggest the alarming possibility of an escalating civil war," she said.
Bachelet urged countries to support a political process that would engage all parties, saying the Asean regional bloc and influential powers should use incentives and disincentives "to reverse the military coup and desperate spiral of violence".
"Myanmar's stability and path to democracy and prosperity have been sacrificed over these last months to advance the ambitions of a privileged and entrenched military elite," she said.
"The national consequences are terrible and tragic -- the regional consequences could also be profound. The international community must redouble its efforts to restore democracy and prevent wider conflict before it is too late."
Bachelet said more than 1,100 people had now reportedly died at the hands of the security forces since the coup, while over 8,000 others, including children, had been arrested and more than 4,700 still in detention, reports AFP.
Meanwhile, a US judge has ordered Facebook to release records of accounts linked to government-backed violence against the Rohingya in Myanmar that it had shut down, the Wall Street Journal reported.
In his ruling yesterday, Washington DC district court Magistrate Judge Zia Faruqui criticized the social media giant for refusing to provide the records to countries pursuing a case against Myanmar in the International Court of Justice, the Journal said.
Facebook had resisted releasing the information on the grounds of US privacy law.
But the judge ruled that the deleted posts would not be covered under the protections for users' personal communications.